The branch of medicine and surgery which is concerned with the musculoskeletal system of the humans is known as orthopedics. The musculoskeletal trauma can be treated by both surgical and non-surgical ways. Spine diseases, degenerative diseases, tumors, sports injuries, infections and other congenital disorders involving the musculoskeletal trauma fall under orthopedics. Previously the term orthopedics was attributed mainly to treating the musculoskeletal deformities in kids And the treatments for essential exercise, splinting and manipulation.
- Knee replacement became a part of the modern orthopedics much later in around the 20th century. It was originally done in the rheumatoid arthritis patients. However the contemporary Orthopedic surgery and the extensive musculoskeletal research are aiming to make surgeries less invasive. Also, the focus is on making the implanted components durable and better.
- Arthroscopy mainly deals with treating the accidental injuries of bones and joints. Owing to its less invasive nature, patients generally recover within a few days after the surgery. One of the most popular techniques under this is the knee arthroscopy combined with chondroplasty and meniscectomy.
- Arthroplasty on the other hand, is that branch of orthopedic surgery that remodels, replaces or realigns the particular area of any musculoskeletal jointly osteotomy or any other procedure. This is essentially done to restore the proper functioning of the joint after chemosurgery, or the damage caused by arthritis, although this elective procedure can also relieve pain from some other kind of muscular trauma too.
- Apart from the standard and absolute replacement surgery, there is also uni-compartmental knee replacement surgery. In case of the latter, only the weight-bearing surface of the arthritic joint is replaced. Joint replacements are also available for most joints of knees, shoulders, wrists, hips, fingers, ankles, elbows and vertebral joints. Visit the best orthopedic hospital in India, which offers assured success in various joint replacement operations.
- However recently, the overhead replacement of joints particularly in the hip area has become increasingly popular. These are mostly seen in younger and active patients. However, this kind of operation delays requirement of a more conventional and less bone-conserving entire hip replacement program. Nevertheless, these carry fundamental risks of primal displays from fracture or bone death.
- One of the main problems encountered with joint replacement is that, the wear and tear of the related surfaces of elements. The can, of course, lead to a damage to the surrounding bony environment and thereby contributing to the ultimate failure of the joint implantation. The application of an alternative bearing surface has inflated nowadays, especially in the younger patients. The former is aimed to improve the deterioration of the replaced components of joint.
Modern day implants are mainly made up of ceramics and metals, and overriding the primitive implants of metal-on-plastic. However only plastic which is ultra-thin, with high molecular weight polyethylene can also impressively improve the ablation characteristics of the implant.
Usually, the continuous passive motion nowadays has been protocolized to be administered on the 2nd postoperative day. This allows the stabilization of the wound, and also helps in the discharge of the range of motion.